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Re: N_ELEMENTS and WHERE: Scalar or Array ?
Stein Vidar Hagfors Haugan <email@example.com> wrote:
>In article <firstname.lastname@example.org> email@example.com writes:
>> But since this has come up, & its one of my pet peeves: why cannot where
>> return a null array to indicate no-elements-match. And then array[null] would
>> match to nothing. This would allow one to say
>I agree, it would be a nice feature... However, I have problems
>seeing how to implement this, without altering e.g. the way IDL
>allows you to index arrays with an array that is out of
>bounds.. (try help,(findgen(10))(findgen(20)-5))
I'm not sure this is so: indexing by nulls ("where" in the example
above would return "null", not -1) can be distinguished from out-
But even so: I've always felt that allowing
indexing by out of bounds indices is more a bug that a feature. Why
is it possible? Can you think of an example where it is useful, or
If this is necessary for legacy reasons, it might be possible to make
() and  behave differently in this case? Possibly a missed
opportunity when  came in!
>Maybe using (float/double) NaN values? Hmm. That could work!
> array[NaN] = 5 ; Would be allowed, but does nothing
This could well be possible as an easy-to-do work-around. In that
case, where would have to return NaN not -1.
The other possibility (which would only work for this special case,
but its quite a common special case) is that -1 would count as a
"special" value & assigning to array[-1] would, as a special case,
just do nothing rather than producing an error message.
Incidentally, I've just realised how dangerous the out-of-bounds stuff
array([where(array eq false)])='stoat'
assigns to the first element...
>> While I'm here: would RSI please put a decent regexp package into IDL?
>Take a look at http://www.uio.no/~steinhh/IDL/additions.html for an
>example of how to add it using dynamically loadable modules.
>It requires a Unix flavor with regex.h
I have that so I'll take a look. Thanks!
William M Connolley | firstname.lastname@example.org | http://www.nbs.ac.uk/public/icd/wmc/
Climate Modeller, British Antarctic Survey | Disclaimer: I speak for myself