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Re: Print format question for the Experts
John McFee wrote:
> I have a question which I think should have a simple answer. Being a master of
> kludging code for physics problems, it's not surprising that I haven't been able
> to figure it out. I'm hoping the experts in this group can.
> I am using IDL to read records one at a time from a file and I want to print out
> a message that each record was successfully read, i.e., I would print something
> like the following for record 5:
> Record number 5 out of 1500
> Because I can have several thousand records in a run, I do not want to have a
> flowing list like:
> Record number 1034 out of 1500
> Record number 1035 out of 1500
> Record number 1036 out of 1500
> but instead just want one line where the record number increments, i.e.,
> Record number n out of 1500 [where n changes at the same spot]
> To do that I tried the following code:
> print, format='($,"Record number ",t19,i6,t27,"out of " , t28,i6)',i+1,max_rec
> for i=0,max_rec-1 do begin
> print, format='($,tl42,i6)', i+1
> What I get is something like:
> Record number 1 out of 1500 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 13 14
> In other words, the $ format character supresses the new line, but each new
> print sets the next line's "left-right" pointer at the right edge of the
> previous printed line.
> I've tried the t format char as well as the tl character with no more luck.
> Does anybody know how to do this?
Let's see, I'm no expert, but your output string has:
1 2 3
Record number 1034 out of 1500
30 characters and you want the repeat to start at character #15 - so that's 16 backspaces
from the end of the string. You can try:
; Create backspace array of required length
bksp = MAKE_ARRAY( 16, VALUE = 8B )
; Output "base" string of the correct length
; Record number XXXX out of XXXX
PRINT, FORMAT = '( 2x, "Record number ", $ )'
FOR i = 1, number_of_records_to_read DO BEGIN
PRINT, FORMAT = '( a, i4, " out of ", i4, $ )', $
STRING( bksp ), i, number_of_records_to_read
This is a supa kludge. You gotta make sure that the length of the format strings are all
consistent, as well as how many backspaces etc. But it seems to work just fine for me. Of
course, any other output (e.g. from message or other print statements) will screw up the
p.s. STRING(8B) == ASCII character set backspace character. So, if you're using IDL on a
machine that uses EBCDIC (if they still exist?), I have no ideer.
Paul van Delst A little learning is a dangerous thing;
CIMSS @ NOAA/NCEP Drink deep, or taste not the Pierian spring;
Ph: (301)763-8000 x7274 There shallow draughts intoxicate the brain,
Fax:(301)763-8545 And drinking largely sobers us again.