[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index]
Re: Inheritance query
Bernard Puc wrote:
> For the object programming gurus: I'm creating a class called data.
> I'm then creating subclasses of data called type1, type2, etc. The
> type1 class inherits the data class attributes. Now, is it possible to
> inherit, lets say, the data::INIT method and somehow add to it? Or, do
> I have to write an entirely new INIT method for type1 class which
> incorporates the statements in the data::INIT method?
By default, all methods are inherited. To add to the method, you need to "chain
up" to the superclass, like this:
if (self->SuperClass::Init(_EXTRA=e) ne 1) then return,0
;;; do more stuff
This is called "extending" a method, and works for any method, not just Init.
If you don't chain up, it's called "overriding" a method (which will never be
called then). If you omit Init altogether, SuperClass::Init is called
automatically, which I call "defaulting".
A note on where to chain: you generally want to chain-up first in Init, and
last in Cleanup. In other methods, you'll have to choose the best place to
Most good designs will have a fair number of defaulting, fewer extending, and a
small number of overriding methods. Overridden methods represent new code which
doesn't benefit from the work done in making its superclasses. I could inherit
a class called "Autos" into my new class "FlatWare", override every single
method from Autos, and never even know it was there.... clearly not too useful.
This is not to say that overriding doesn't have its purposes though.
J.D. Smith |*| WORK: (607) 255-5842
Cornell University Dept. of Astronomy |*| (607) 255-6263
304 Space Sciences Bldg. |*| FAX: (607) 255-5875
Ithaca, NY 14853 |*|