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Re: Comma seperators



Ben Tupper wrote:
> 
> Paul van Delst wrote:
> 
> > Simon de Vet wrote:
> > >
> > > I am reading in data that looks like the following:
> > >
> > > CHATHAM ISLAND - NEW ZEALAND (DOE),,,,,,,,,,
> > > 43.92S,176.50W,,,,,,,,,
> > > 16-Sep-1983,11-Oct-1996,,,,,,,,,
> > > Mon,Stat,Cl,NO3,SO4,Na ,SeaSalt,nssSO4,MSA,Dust,NH4
> > > of,Param,Air,Air,Air,Air,Air,Air,Air,Air,Air
> > > Yr,*,g/m3,g/m3,g/m3,g/m3,g/m3,g/m3,g/m3,g/m3,g/m3
> > > Jan,N,58,58,58,58,58,57,0,0,58
> > > Jan,Mean,7.330,0.120,1.572,4.233,13.766,0.508,#N/A,#N/A,0.103
> > > Jan,StdDev,2.788,0.055,0.412,1.479,4.811,0.249,#N/A,#N/A,0.051
> > >
> > > Which continues untill the end of the year, and then another observation
> > > station follows the fame general format.
> > >
> > > I want to be able to read in the data into an array. I can already take
> > > out the header, but I cannot read in the data.
> >
> > What do you consider the header?
> >
> > > By default, IDL is
> > > treating each line as one entry, not recognizing the commas as entry
> > > seperators. I've read the help extensively, but as a non-fortran user,
> > > the input format documentation makes my brane hurt.
> >
> > Let's say you have:
> >
> > Jan,N,58,58,58,58,58,57,0,0,58
> > Jan,Mean,7.330,0.120,1.572,4.233,13.766,0.508,#N/A,#N/A,0.103
> > Jan,StdDev,2.788,0.055,0.412,1.479,4.811,0.249,#N/A,#N/A,0.051
> > Feb,N,58,58,58,58,58,57,0,0,58
> > Feb,Mean,7.330,0.120,1.572,4.233,13.766,0.508,#N/A,#N/A,0.103
> > Feb,StdDev,2.788,0.055,0.412,1.479,4.811,0.249,#N/A,#N/A,0.051
> > ..etc..
> >
> > How about:
> >
> > char_buffer = ' '
> >
> > REPEAT BEGIN
> >   READF, lun, char_buffer
> >
> >   input_data = STR_SEP( char_buffer, ',' )
> >
> >   ....here split up the data how you want by, say, testing
> >       input_data[0] == month (Jan, Feb, Mar, ....
> >       input_data[1] == data type (N, Mean, StdDev)
> >   ....and checking for invalid data, e.g. the #N/A thingoes
> >
> > ENDREP UNTIL EOF( lun )
> >
> >
> 
> Hello,
> 
> I'ld like to add that on occasion, I have found it useful to add the /TRIM
> keyword to the STR_SEP() function.
> Once in a while the last element  in input_data will become something
> unexpected, such as the expected value padded with blanks.   I think
> the problem is in how the file was written, not in how it is read by IDL.

You know, the same thought occurred to me when I used this method to
read *space*-separated data - I kept getting extra "fields" at the
beginning of my string. I stuck the /TRIM keyword in the STRSEP call and
nothing changed!!?? Weird.

So instead of doing a

result = STRSEP( string, ' ', /TRIM )

I do a 

result = STRSEP( STRTRIM( string, 2 ), ' ' )

Mind you this was one of those cases where something didn't work
straight up and I spent precisely 0.1seconds figuring out why not before
going on to something else.. :o)

BTW, is there some sequence of layered string function calls one can use
to trim and "collapse" a string with multiple delimiters between items
to a single delimiter? e.g. to convert

,,,this,,,is,,,,a,,multiple,,,,,delimited,,,,,,,,string,,,,

to

this,is,a,multiple,delimited,string

I wrote a function to do it but it has a loop in it and a bunch of logic
checking that looks horrendous. It does the job, but no reason why it
can't look pretty....right?

paulv
-- 
Paul van Delst           Ph:  (301) 763-8000 x7274 
CIMSS @ NOAA/NCEP        Fax: (301) 763-8545
Rm.202, 5200 Auth Rd.    Email: pvandelst@ncep.noaa.gov
Camp Springs MD 20746